Internationale Koordination
Anthroposophische Medizin
Freie Hochschule für Geisteswissenschaft
Medizinische Sektion am Goetheanum

Systematic Assessments, Overviews

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The efficacy, effectiveness and safety of Anthroposophic Medicine and some of its therapies, like mistletoe therapy, eurythmy therapy, oil dispersion baths and others have been assessed in a variety of systematic reviews and in an Health Technology Assessment Report, as in the following:


  1. Kienle GS, Albonico HU, Baars E, Hamre HJ, Zimmermann P, Kiene H. Anthroposophic medicine : An integrative medical system originating in Europe®. Glob Adv Health Med. 2013; 2(6), pp. 20-31

  2. Hamre HJ, Kiene H, Ziegler R, et al. Overview of the Publications From the Anthroposophic Medicine Outcomes Study (AMOS) : A Whole System Evaluation Study. GlobAdv Health Med 2014; 3(1), pp. 54-70

  3. Kienle GS, Kiene H, Albonico HU. Anthroposophic Medicine : Effectiveness, Utility, Costs, Safety. Stuttgart, New York: Schattauer Verlag 2006;

  4. Kienle GS, Glockmann A, Grugel R, Hamre HJ, Kiene H. Klinische Forschung zur Anthroposophischen Medizin : Update eines «Health Technology Assessment»-Berichts und Status Quo. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2011; 18(5), pp. 269-282

  5. Lotzke D, Heusser P, Bussing A. A systematic literature review on the effectiveness of eurythmy therapy. J Integr Med. 2015; 13(4), pp. 217-230

  6. Büssing A, Ostermann T, Majorek M, Matthiessen PF. Eurythmy Therapy in clinical studies : a systematic literature review BMC Complement Altern Med. 2008; 8, pp. 8

  7. Evans M, Bryant S, Huntley AL, Feder G. Cancer Patients' Experiences of Using Mistletoe (Viscum album) : A Qualitative Systematic Review and Synthesis. J Altern Complement Med. 2016; 22(2), pp. 134-144

  8. Heusser P, Kienle GS. Anthroposophic Medicine, Integrative Oncology, and Mistletoe Therapy of Cancer. (2. ed.) New York: Oxford University Press Abrams D, Weil A, eds. Integrative Oncology. 2014; pp. 560-588

  9. Büssing A, Raak C, Ostermann T. Quality of Life and Related Dimensions in Cancer Patients Treated with Mistletoe Extract (Iscador) : A Meta-Analysis. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine eCAM 2012;

  10. Kienle GS, Grugel R, Kiene H. Safety of higher dosages of Viscum album L. in animals and humans : systematic review of immune changes and safety parameters. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2011; 11(1), pp. 72

  11. Kienle GS, Glockmann A, Schink M, Kiene H. Viscum album L. extracts in breast and gynaecologic cancers : A systematic review of clinical and preclinical research. J Exp Clin Cancer Res. 2009; 28(79),

  12. Ostermann T, Raak C, Büssing A. Survival of cancer patients treated with mistletoe extract (Iscador) : a systematic literature review. BMC Cancer 2009; 9, pp. 451

  13. Horneber MA, Bueschel G, Huber R, Linde K, Rostock M Mistletoe therapy in oncology. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008; pp. CD003297

  14. Kienle GS, Kiene H. Complementary cancer therapy : a systematic review of prospective clinical trials on anthroposophic mistletoe extracts. Eur J Med Res. 2007; 12(3), pp. 103-119

  15. Kienle GS, Berrino F, Büssing A, Portalupi E, Rosenzweig S, Kiene H. Mistletoe in cancer : a systematic review on controlled clinical trials. Eur J Med Res. 2003; 8, pp. 109-119

  16. Büssing A, Cysarz D, Edelhauser F, Bornhoft G, Matthiessen PF, Ostermann T. The oil-dispersion bath in anthroposophic medicine : an integrative review. BMC Complement AlternMed. 2008; 8, pp. 61

  17. Berger B, Schwarz C, Heusser P. Watchful waiting or induction of labour – a matter of informed choice : identification, analysis and critical appraisal of decision aids and patient information regarding care options for women with uncomplicated singleton late and post term pregnancies: a review. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2015; 15, pp. 143

  18. Cysarz D, Heckmann C, Kummell HC. The effects of Cardiodoron on cardio-respiratory coordination : a literature review. ForschKomplementarmedKlassNaturheilkd. 2002; 9(4), pp. 292-297

March 2017

Dr. med. Gunver S. Kienle
IFAEMM Freiburg at the Witten Herdecke University
Center for Complementary Medicine, Medical Center, University of Freiburg