International Coordination
Anthroposophic Medicine
School of Spiritual Science
Medical Section at the Goetheanum

Development of Questionnaires

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Resource sites
Selected publications

1. Büssing A, Recchia DR, Koenig H, Baumann K, Frick E: Factor Structure of the Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (SpNQ) in Persons with Chronic Diseases, Elderly and Healthy Individuals. Religions 2018; 9,13 doi:10.3390/rel9010013

2. Büssing A, Poier P, Lauche R, Dobos G, Cramer: Validation of an instrument to measure patients´ intention and ability to change attitudes and behavior. Complementary Medicine Research  2017; 24: 246-254 doi: 10.1159/000477720

3. Büssing A, Kerksieck P, Günther A, Baumann K: Altruism in Adolescents and Young Adults: Validation of an Instrument to Measure Generative Altruism with Structural Equation Modeling. International Journal of Children´s Spirituality 2013; 18: 335-350

4. Büssing A, Walach H, Kohls N, Zimmermann F, Trousselard M: Conscious Presence and Self Control as a measure of situational awareness in soldiers - A validation study. International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2013; 7:1. DOI:10.1186/1752-4458-7-1

5. Büssing A, Edelhäuser F, Weisskircher A, Fouladbakhsh JM, Heusser P: Inner correspondence and feelings of peaceful easiness in participants practicing Eurythmy Therapy and Yoga: A validation study. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) Volume 2011, Article ID 329023 https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2011/329023

6. Kröz M, Schad F, Reif M, von Laue HB, Feder G, Zerm R, Willich SN, Girke M, Brinkhaus B: Validation of the State Version Questionnaire on Autonomic Regulation (State-aR) for cancer patients. Eur J Med Res 2011; 16:457-468

7. Büssing A, Girke M, Heckmann C, Schad F, Ostermann T, Kroz M: Validation of the self regulation questionnaire as a measure of health in quality of life research. Eur J Med Res 2009; 14:223-227

8. Kröz M, Büssing A, von Laue HB, Reif M, Feder G, Schad F, Girke M, Matthes H. Reliability and validity of a new scale on internal coherence (ICS) of cancer patients. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2009;7:59. Doi: 10.1186/1477-7525-7-59

9. Kröz M, Bussing A, Girke M, Heckmann C, Ostermann T: Adaptation of the Herdecke Quality of Life questionnaire towards quality of life of cancer patients. Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) 2008;
17(6):593-600

10. Kröz M, Feder G, von Laue H, Zerm R, Reif M, Girke M, Matthes H, Gutenbrunner C, Heckmann C: Validation of a questionnaire measuring the regulation of autonomic function. BMC Complement Altern Med 2008, 8:26. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6882-8-26

11. Büssing A, Matthiessen PF, Ostermann T: Engagement of patients in religious and spiritual practices: confirmatory results with the SpREUK-P 1.1 questionnaire as a tool of quality of life research. Health Qual Life Outcomes 2005;3:53 http://www.hqlo.com/content/3/1/53

12. Büssing A, Ostermann T, Matthiessen PF: Role of religion and spirituality in medical patients: confirmatory results with the SpREUK questionnaire. Health Qual Life Outcomes 2005; 3:10. http://www.hqlo.com/content/3/1/10


Exemplary literature

Büssing A, Recchia DR, Koenig H, Baumann K, Frick E: Factor Structure of the Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (SpNQ) in Persons with Chronic Diseases, Elderly and Healthy Individuals. Religions 2018; 9,13 DO:
https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9010013

Büssing A, Poier P, Lauche R, Dobos G, Cramer: Validation of an instrument to measure patients ́ intention and ability to change attitudes and behavior. Complementary Medicine Research 2017; 24: 246-254 DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1159/000477720

Büssing A, Kerksieck P, Günther A, Baumann K:Altruism in Adolescents and Young Adults: Validation of an Instrument to Measure Generative Altruism with Structural Equation Modeling. International Journal of Children ́s Spirituality 2013; 18: 335-350

Büssing A, Walach H, Kohls N, Zimmermann F, Trousselard M: Conscious Presence and Self Control as a measure of situational awareness in soldiers - A validation study. International Journalof Mental Health Systems 2013; 7:1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1752-4458-7-1

Büssing A, Edelhäuser F, Weisskircher A, Fouladbakhsh JM, Heusser P: Inner correspondence and feelings of peaceful easiness in participants practicing Eurythmy Therapy and Yoga: A validation study. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) Volume 2011, Article ID 329023
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2011/329023

Kröz M, Schad F, Reif M, von Laue HB, Feder G, Zerm R, Willich SN, Girke M, Brinkhaus B: Validation of the State Version Questionnaire on Autonomic Regulation (State-aR) for cancer patients. Eur J Med Res 2011; DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1186/2047-783X-16-10-457

Büssing A, Girke M, Heckmann C, Schad F, Ostermann T, Kroz M: Validation of the self regulationquestionnaire as a measure of health in quality of life research. Eur J Med Res 2009;
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19541580

Kröz M, Büssing A, von Laue HB, Reif M, Feder G, Schad F, Girke M, Matthes H. Reliability and validity of a new scale on internal coherence (ICS) of cancer patients. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2009;7:59. DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7525-7-59

Kröz M, Bussing A, Girke M, Heckmann C, Ostermann T: Adaptation of the Herdecke Quality of Life questionnaire towards quality of life of cancer patients. Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) 2008; DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2354.2007.00913.x

Kröz M, Feder G, von Laue H, Zerm R, Reif M, Girke M, Matthes H, Gutenbrunner C, Heckmann C: Validation of a questionnaire measuring the regulation of autonomic function. BMC ComplementAltern Med 2008, 8:26. DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6882-8-26

Büssing A, Matthiessen PF, Ostermann T: Engagement of patients in religious and spiritual practices: confirmatory results with the SpREUK-P 1.1 questionnaire as a tool of quality of life research. Health Qual Life Outcomes 2005;3:53 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7525-3-53

Büssing A, Ostermann T, Matthiessen PF: Role of religion and spirituality in medical patients: confirmatory results with the SpREUK questionnaire. Health Qual Life Outcomes 2005; 3:10. DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7525-3-10