The basic therapeutic principle is to seek to directly or indirectly encourage the patient's inherent healing forces: Anthroposophic Medicine incorporates pathogenetically oriented interventions when necessary and supports them with salutogenetically oriented therapies (medications, external applications, art therapy, eurythmy therapy, psychotherapy). Therapeutic measures are based on gaining an anthroposophic understanding of the illness, which results in the individual course of therapy required by the patient. Therapy follows topological aspects (such as mistletoe therapy for cancer) and their individualisation for a particular patient, so that they fit his situation and values. In this respect we do not only ask what will be effective – we seek what will be "good" for the patient.
Ethics in Anthroposophic Medicine calls for both professional and ethical development. The latter quality is enabled by the meditative path in Anthroposophy and Anthroposophic Medicine.
In research, valid individual case documentation procedures Kiene: Cognition-based Medicine (in German) as well as outcome studies EvaMed Projekt are preferred. Randomised double blind studies are only used to a limited extent for ethical and methodological reasons. In addition to the general ethics of the profession, anthroposophic medical ethics are based on Rudolf Steiner’s principal philosophical work: The Philosophy of Freedom. The Basis for a Modern World Conception. It develops the concept of ethical individualism as well as an image of the human being which recognises the eternal in the human individual – including in an ill or disabled physical body. It adds to the materialistic world conception inherent in natural science based medicine an understanding of the spiritual foundation of the world. This embracing ethical concept also includes the thought of reincarnation and confidence in the unlimited capacity of each human being to develop. As a result of such an evolutionary approach, prevention through meditative training, self-education and self-development plays a central role. In order to promote the idea of prevention, patient associations have formed in many countries which support the spread of health-promoting measures on a spiritual, mental and physical level.